1020 Ch

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HUM 1020 – INTRODUCTION TO HUMANITIES
STUDY QUESTIONS FOR CHAPTER 3 MATERIAL
EMPIRE: THE POWER AND GLORY OF ROME

1. Name three of Rome’s original contributions that remain imprinted on the humanistic tradition in the West.

2. What is the name of the only surviving bronze equestrian sculpture from the Classical era?

3. What is the name of the tribes of Iron Age folk among whom Rome’s origins are to be found?

4. What did the Romans absorb from the Etruscans?

5. What did the Romans borrow from the Greeks?

6. Who ruled over the Romans for three centuries, until 509 BCE?

7. Who were the patricians and plebeians?

8. What was essential to the life of the early Roman Republic?

9. Who did Rome fight in the Punic Wars? (What was the name of their enemy?)

10. What was the backbone of the Roman Empire?

11. What is the name of the army commander who triumphantly entered the city of Rome in 46 BCE and established a dictatorship?

12. Following Julius Caesar’s assassination, a power struggle ensued between what two people?

13. What title did the Roman Senate bestow on Octavian in 27 BCE?

14. What is the name of the new era of peace and stability that was ushered in with Augustus’ reign, and that lasted for over 200 years—from 30 BCE until 180 CE?

15. What was one of Rome’s most original landmark achievements?

16. View figure 3.4 on page 69 in the text. What features does the statue borrow from the Greek “Doryphorus” statue?

17. Who was Rome’s most notable representative of the Golden Age of Latin literature? What is the name of his famous epic?

18. The arch constituted a clear technical advance over the device used by the Greeks in buildings such as the Parthenon. What was that device?

19. What public works did the Romans consider their most significant technological achievement?

20. The Romans were the first to use...