1920s Honors Homework

Topics: Warren G. Harding, Calvin Coolidge, Herbert Hoover Pages: 5 (1651 words) Published: December 18, 2013
1.
The Red Scare, the fear of communism, spread quickly when the revolution in Russia happened. Vladimir L. Lenin took over conquering with the Red Army and created the Soviet Union. When communism took over the U.S.S.R, some Americans were frightened while others began to form Communist Parties within the U.S. As the Communist parties grew violent, in 1919, a plan was created in which bombs were mailed to government officials. One of the attacked, A. Mitchell Palmer, became a main advocate against anti-communists (Anticommunism). Using the wartime laws he arrested thousands of suspected participators in the communist movement. Five legally elected officials were barred and right to call an overthrow of government was suspended in New York. Immigrants, or otherwise referred to as aliens, were deported as soon as they were suspected as a person involved in communist affairs. In one year, 1919-1929, two hundred forty-nine immigrants from Russia were deported without cause (The Red Scare). Due to the poverty among European immigrant workers, communism was found a favorable option among the people. When labor strikes began the government played them off as immigrants favoring communist ways. In another event, suspected anarchist’s homes were broken into without search warrants by the federal officials of the United States. The 1921 law limited immigrants from other countries and created three percent quotas (Nativism). Americans turned to suspect immigrants and racism against immigrants flourished. Keeping the “American race” alive and maintaining superiority became an important way of life.

2.
Prohibition did not work as alcohol remained a popular leisure activity among the citizens. This law forced many average men to break laws to obtain alcohol. In addition, with a loophole in which medical alcohol was legal, many prescriptions for alcohol were written. For almost fourteen years, 1920 to 1933, the United States outlawed alcohol, leading to the only time an amendment was repealed (Prohibition About). To manufacture, sell, or transport alcohol was deemed illegal. Following the American Revolution, drinking alcohol became a popular activity among the citizens. Temperance movements were created to discourage alcohol consumption. These organizations related crime, murder, and other sociological problems with alcohol and strived to prohibit alcohol. The women argued that the prohibition of alcohol would lead to the prevention of careless money spending and workplace accidents. The 18th amendment was ratified in 1919 and made it illegal to manufacture or sell alcohol. Afterwards the Volstead act was created to clarify that drinks more than .05 % alcohol content were deemed illegal. Representative Andrew Volstead was responsible for this law. The rise of gangsters amplified during this period, Al Capone, a famous gangster, illegally sold alcohol and earned about sixty million dollars a year (prohibition). The police faced many obstacles attempting to enforce the 18th amendment because of the rising crime and prescribed alcohol.

3.
During World War I the American experience incredible growth and the unemployment dropped tremendously from a 7.9 percent to a 1.4 percent (The Economy). After the war, industrial America boomed and the economy grew strong. The standard of living grew and new luxury benefits became popular. During this period many famous products were created including the automobile. Henry Ford created an affordable replacement to carriages throughout the country, revolutionizing the way of life in America. Radio, dating, and education changed drastically as a national culture was created (The Decade). People all over the nation were able to participate in the same trends and idolize the same hero as radio became more prominent in everyday life. Many inventions, such as time saving labor devices, made life easier for the average American creating more leisure time. The Prohibition led to the...
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