Children and Television

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Television is a big part of everyone’s life, including young children and it is a concern for parents if it is in the child’s best interest to watch different programing. There are a lot of different shows that are directed to children, but not all of the shows are age appropriate. The ratings along with the content can help with deciding what children should watch. A variety of studies have been done in regards to how television can impact children in different age groups and whether it is beneficial (Kirkoria, Wartella, & Anderson, 2010). Everyone has their own opinion on the effects that television can have on children, but it also depends on what they are watching because there can be inappropriate shows or some that are only focused on entertainment. There are also a lot of shows that are created for educational purposes that can help children develop essential skills for school and help them learn. Educational programming can be very helpful for children within the appropriate age group to develop academic skills for school. As soon as children are born they are automatically going to start to learn based on what they see in the environment they are growing up in. Although, children younger than the age of 18 months learn better when the adult teaches the child or they experience things with physical actions rather than watching objects on television. According to Kirkorian, Wartella, & Anderson (2010) “As a result, children cannot process television content and therefore cannot learn from it,” their study result show that newborn up to or around the age of 18 months are not capable of learning from what they see on television because they can’t process the information. Of course as children get older they have a better understanding and are able to process the information as they watch television shows. It also resulted that as children grow older they are able to watch shows and start noticing the difference between object changes and different movements in the television shows. As children reach between the ages of two through three then they know what television is and that they are able to watch shows for entertainment. They also understand the difference between reality and what is on television will not be a real object that they can touch. Also as a part of television there are commercials and young children do not understand why there are commercials and what they mean. It takes children till the age of five to be able to determine the difference from their regular programs and a commercial break. It would definitely seem that as children grow up they also grow to understand how television works along with the difference between reality and the advertisements shown on commercial.

Meanwhile there are a lot of different television shows, but not all are appropriate or educational for children. It is important that if children watch television they watch educational programming appropriate for their age that will help them learn. Studies have been completed on specific learning shows that are directed to the age group of two and up (Kirkorian, Wartella, & Anderson, 2010), these shows include Sesame Street and Blue’s Clues. The purpose of the shows are to teach children to learn academic, social, and problem solving skills that they can use in the future. It has shown positive results in the studies that kids that watched learning shows on a regular basis were more likely to have a better understanding and follow methods in to how solve problem, which will prepare them when they attend school. (Kirkorian, Wartella, &Anderson, 2010) The results were even better when children watch the same episode repeatedly because they had a better understanding in problem solving solutions or academic learning. On the other hand, there have been some negative results that have been shown as an effect of all the access to media and how children are entertained. Television, video games, and computer games are created for...