P1- describe the types of dementia
In this assignment I am going to be describing 3 different types of dementia. I will be looking at Alzheimer’s disease, Vascular dementia and Lewy body dementia. I will be looking at what these dementias are, what the signs are and what the symptoms are.
Dementia is a common condition that affects 800,000 people in the UK, someone’s risk of developing dementia increases as you get older and the condition usually occurs in people over the age of 65 years old. Dementia is a syndrome associated with on-going decline of the brain and its abilities. This includes problems with memory loss, thinking, speed, mental agility, language, understanding and judgement. People with dementia can become apathetic or uninterested in their usual activates and have problems controlling their emotions. They may also find social situations challenging. Dementia develops when parts of the brain that are involved with learning, memory, descion making and language are affected by injury or disease.(www.nhschoices/dementia.com) Alzheimer ’s disease
This is the most common cause of dementia. During the course of the disease, the chemistry and structure of the brain changes leading to death of brain cellsYoung, C. (2001) English Heritage position statement on the Valletta Convention, [Online], Available: http://www.archaeol.freeuk.com/EHPostionStatement.htm [24 Aug 2001].) Alzheimer’s disease is the most common form of dementia affecting around 496,00 people in the UK. Alzheimer’s disease was first described by a German neurologist Dr Alois Alzheimer. Alzheimer’s disease is a physical disease of the brain. During the course of the disease plaques and tangles develop in the brain leading to death of the brain cells. We also know that people with Alzheimer’s disease have a shortage of some important chemicals which are involved in transmitting messages within the brain. Alzheimer’s disease is a progressive condition and symptoms become worse over time. (http://www.alzheimers.org.uk/site/scripts/services_info.php?serviceID=7) People in the early stages of Alzheimer’s disease may experience lapses of memory and have problems finding the right words. As the disease progresses they may become confused and frequently forget the names of people, places and appointments and recent events. E experience mood swings, feel sad or angry or scared and frustrated by their increasing memory loss. They may become more withdrawn, due either to a loss of confidence or to communication problems. They may have difficulty carrying out everyday activities, they may get muddled checking their change at the shops or become unsure how to work the TV remote. As the disease progresses people with Alzheimer’s will need more support from those who care for them. Eventually they will need help with all their daily activities (IBID). While there are some common symptoms of Alzheimer’s disease, its important to remember that everyone is unique, no two people are likely to experience Alzheimer’s disease in the same way. Alzheimer’s disease usually begins gradually with very minor changes in the person’s abilities or behaviour. At the time such sings are often mistakenly attributed to stress or bereavement or in older people to the normally process of ageing. It is often only when looking back that we realise that these signs were probably the beginnings of dementia. Loss of memory for recent events is a common early sign. Someone with Alzheimer’s may forget about recent conversations, repeat themselves, become slower at grasping new ideas, lose the thread of what is being said, sometimes become confused, show poor judgement or find it harder to make decisions. The person may also become anxious and agitated. They may experience distress over their failure to manage and may need some reassurance. If this is the case they you might have to talk to them and give them as much emotional support as you can....
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