63-YEAR OLD MAN WITH HYPERTENSION
You have been diagnosed with hypertension, which is commonly known as high blood pressure. Blood pressure is the force of blood pushing against the blood vessel walls. So with high blood pressure the arteries have constant raised blood pressure. Every time your heart beats it pumps blood to the whole body through the arteries. The higher your blood pressure is the harder your heart has to pump.
Hypertension may be caused by many things but some examples are smoking, being over weight, lack of exercise, eating foods with a lot of salt, stress, age, and it may run in your family.
If you can’t get the hypertension under control it can lead to other health issues. It can damage your kidneys; cause you to have a stroke, or a heart attack.
13-YEAR OLD WITH DIABETES
The test results have come back and you have diabetes, which is a disease that affects your body’s ability to produce or use insulin. Insulin is hormone and is released when your body turns the food you eat into energy. Insulin helps transport the energy to cells. When you produce little to no insulin, or are insulin resistant, too much sugar will remain in your blood.
The cause of diabetes is unknown but genetics, obesity, lack of exercise, and diet plays a role in developing diabetes.
High blood sugar levels over time can lead to heart disease, kidney disease, blindness. The excess sugar in the bloodstream can damage the tiny blood vessels in your eyes and kidneys, and can narrow or harden your arteries.
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