How far was the effectiveness of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s limited by internal divisions? (30 marks)

Topics: African American, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee, Martin Luther King, Jr. Pages: 2 (901 words) Published: November 27, 2014
How far was the effectiveness of the Civil Rights Movement in the 1960s limited by internal divisions? (30 marks) During the Civil Rights Movement great improvements were made gradually for the small minority groups in USA, for example Black African Americans, Hispanic groups and also women. However, from the very beginning there were internal divisions within the civil rights movement as well as external divisions. These partitions were caused by four major factors; methods such as peaceful protest and violence, ideology, effects of tension from jealousy and rivalry and lastly personalities of the different civil rights organisations and their leaders as they were competing for media attention and public recognition. These divisions did limit the effectiveness of the civil rights movement as they slowed down the process and cause many complications. These divisions were extremely clear thought out the 1960s as there was the development of Black Power and their methods of violence which is a contrast to Martin Luther King’s approach which was peaceful protest. In the early 1960s many successes came about for the civil rights movement especially for SNCC and of Martin Luther King. The Greensboro sit-ins led by SNCC in 1960 is an example of a triumph as they demonstrated that civil rights campaigns could spread quickly and also showed that other organisations could work together as the sit-ins attacked all aspects of segregation and it lead to the extending of the existing NAACP campaigns against segregation in education. This was also the case in 1961 during the Freedom Rides. The significance of the Freedom Rides was that they marked a new high point of co-operation within the civil rights movement as they involved CORE, SNCC which was led by Stokely Carmichael and the SCLC as it was such a momentous victory. It is thought that these protests were only victories due to the methods used by the leaders and their organisations. Martin Luther King and the SCLC...
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