TASK IWT 1 1112.1
The Renaissance art period is one of the most famous periods in western culture. Well known artists like Leonardo de Vinci, Donatello, Botticelli, Michelangelo and Raphael all came from this period in time. During the 1400’s, the western world was emerging from medieval times and artists during the Renaissance sought to distance themselves from what they saw as the dark ages, by returning to and reviving the ideas of classical antiquity. This nod towards classic Greek and Roman influence included a surging interest in the human body and nudes, which can be seen in numerous works including, Michelangelo’s David, and Botticelli’s Birth of Venus. The interest in the anatomy of the human body was also bolstered by the scientific practices of dissection and some artists, da Vinci in particular, would dissect the bodies of the deceased in order to better understand the muscles and tendons under the skin. Another outcome of the interest in antiquity was the rise of classical Humanism. Humanism placed emphasis on humankind and the dignity and worth that humans can achieve. This led to artists who were studying areas of knowledge such as mathematics and science in addition to painting and sculpting. Thus, a key characteristic during the Renaissance is that artists were able to depict images with more realistic depth by using the techniques of linear perspective and atmospheric perspective. A great example of linear perspective is Raphael’s Marriage of the Virgin. In the painting, linear perspective is shown as the parallel lines along the floor converge toward a spot on the horizon in the distance. Atmospheric perspective is also shown in this painting as the mountains in the background are less clear than objects in the foreground and are also covered in a soft blue haze, giving the impression that the mountains are far away from the viewer. Works from the Renaissance also tended to have a carefully created composition that was balance and...
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