Separation of Powers, Checks and Balances
So how does the U.S. Constitution provide for a system of separation of powers and check and balances? According to our lesson 3 Congress lecture, our Founding Fathers foresaw that the Congress would be the most central branch of government, even if our U.S. Constitution provides for “separation of powers” and “checks and balances”. In addition, James Madison and others who feared that the Congress would have too much power, decided to settle on the proposal of having a “bicameral” legislative branch, in which created a House of Representatives and a Senate (Soltero). Let me begin with a little bit of history, according to Onecle, Separation of Powers and Checks and Balances online article, “When the colonies separated from Great Britain following the Revolution, the framers of their constitutions were imbued with the profound tradition of separation of powers, and they freely and expressly embodied the principle in their charters. But the theory of checks and balances was not favored because it was drawn from Great Britain, and, as a consequence, violations of the separation-of-powers doctrine by the legislatures of the States were common-place events prior to the convening of the Convention. Theory as much as experience guided the Framers in the summer of 1787” (Separation of Powers and Checks and Balances).
In able to prevent the majority from ruling with an iron fist, the framers of the Constitution created the Separation of Powers. With regards to the history and the framers experiences, they devised a plan to ensure that not one branch of the new government is given too much power. “The separation of powers provides a system of shared power known as Checks and Balances” (Constitutional Topic: Separation of Powers). The Legislative in which includes the House and Senate, the executive in which composes of the President, Vice-President, and the Departments and the Judicial where the federal courts and...
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