Using tables 1 & 2, what can you say about the ethnicity of the population in England and Wales in 2001 and in 2011 and about the composition of the ethnic population of England and Wales in 2011?
The Census 2001 and 2011 (Office for National Statistics) breaks ‘ethnic group’ into 5 categories. They are White; Mixed/multiple ethnic groups; Asian/Asian British; Black/African/Caribbean/Black British; and, Other ethnic groups. Each of these five groups is then broken into subcategories of ethnic origin. The five most prevalent subcategories in decreasing order of population for 2001 were: Other White (2.6%), Indian (2%), Pakistani (1.4%), Irish (1.2%), and, Caribbean (1.1%).
Considering the above information, when looking at the greatest changes in subcategories for ethnic population in 2011, several changes in the population’s ethnicity can be seen. For example, the five most prevalent ethnic subcategories in decreasing order of population for 2011 were: Other White (4.4%), Indian (2.5%), African (1.8%), Other Asian (1.5%), and, Caribbean (1.1%). Therefore, one can see that there have been major increases in all the ethnic groups bar the Irish and the biggest increase being in ‘Other White’. However, from 2001 to 2011 the Caribbean group had no change and remained at a constant 1.1%.
Looking at the composition of the ethnic population of England and Wales in 2011 one can see several patterns. The greatest percentage of ‘White’s’ reside in Wales (95.6%) compared to the smallest percentage of ‘White’s’ residing in London (59.8%). One cause could be employment seeking related, as immigrants may not venture to rural areas of the UK such as Wales. Also, Wales may maintain allot of the white local population and it may not be common for residents to leave their town of origin. London also has the highest percentage of Asian/Asian British (18.5%). This may be due to the high acceptance of the Asian community with access to Asian...
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