Understand theories of relationships and social networks

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1.1 Key principles of relationship theories - Stage theories in general describe how we go through distinct stages as we develop. Thus, rather than gradually changing, we typically make sudden shifts to different plateaus of perception and behaviour. Relationships go through a series of stages as they mature. Levinger's model has ABCDE stages. A = Acquaintance/attraction. We meet other people and feel an initial attraction, often based on physical beauty and similarity. B = Build-up. We become increasingly interdependent as we reveal more and more about our private selves. We get irritated by one another, but the more pleasant aspects may well keep the relationship going. C = Continuation/consolidation. Longer-term commitments are made, such as marriage. The partnership enters what may be a life-long stable relationship. D = Deterioration. Many relationships decay, due to several factors. These include relative effort, rewards, barriers to exit (such as marriage and social obligation) and the availability of alternatives. E = Ending. The relationship ends when partners agree to separate or one leaves. 1.2 Enhancements of health and social care practice – is for the benefit of people who use the service and staff to build and sustain positive relationships. When people understand the stage of the relationships they are in they can act according to what they want. If a person wants to sustain them, he or she would act to prevent deterioration. If a person wants to end them, he or she will get through the deterioration as soon as possible. 2.1 Benefits of supportive relationships - Having caring relationships is important to an individual’s emotional well-being. The way to develop supportive relationships is to be supportive to others. Spending time as much time as possible with people who have the qualities that support you and spending time away from individuals who do not have those qualities is the best route to developing supportive relationships. Supportive relationships help reduce stress and improve an individual’s general health and well-being. The more people in an individual’s life it is more likely that they will have a supportive relationship with one of them. It is important to make time to develop and reinforce relationships by meeting up with them by going out and having fun with them. Being assertive by not letting people push you around will make relationships supportive and lasting for both individuals it will also encourage communication. When someone has had a hard day, is going through a crisis or has a problem sometimes being able to talk about their feelings will release their stress and they will feel better about themselves. Knowing the people around you can bring a sense of security and a sense of pride. 2.2. Possible impact of difficult or dysfunctional relationships – Dysfunctional Relationships are relationships that do not perform their appropriate function; that is, they do not emotionally support the participants, foster communication among them, appropriately challenge them, or prepare or fortify them for life in the larger world. Many relationships are dysfunctional because they contain “faulty programs” downloaded from past relationships. Whether it is money, sex, jealousy, fidelity, or any number of other issues, to some degree or another, the theme is the same for them in the current relationship as those of the past 2.3. Features of supportive relationships and dysfunctional relationship – A dysfunctional relationship may cause person feel:

-a sense that he/she have to fit into someone else's perception of what is right or wrong in order to be loved. -feel confined.
-there is always something to fix in the relationship.
-who you are is diminished in the relationship.
-needs are not met in one way or another.
-not to be good enough.
-trapped.
-fear to leave.
- unhappiness of the situation.
On the other hand, a healthy relationship has these characteristics...