With reference to one or more examples evaluate the success of redevelopment of urban centres in response to recent trends in retailing

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With reference to one or more examples evaluate the success of redevelopment of urban centres in response to recent trends in retailing (10 marks)

Redevelopment of urban centres have been a result of recent trends in retailing, Since the 1970s there has been a phenomenon known as decentralization occurring in relation to retail. Decentralization is ‘the movement of people and employment from large dominant centres to a more dispersed pattern of locations’, in result of this it introduced large shopping centres in the 1980’s, this has occurred through the increased car ownership and transport links which has made it easier to visit other places. In addition to this, trends in retailing has also adjusted as more families have a higher disposable income and have more leisure time to actually have day trips to out of town centres. However, as result of this, this has led to a decline in towns and local communities as Out of town shopping centres are becoming more attractive as they are more convenient as all shops are under one roof. A further, and more recent development is the advent of ‘e-commerce’ which has occurred since the late 1990s and boomed in the mid-2000s. This has allowed many stores to slash overheads by removing themselves from the high-street while developing a strong online presence. Instead of having stores, they now only need warehouse depots to store goods whilst they are sold online. An example of a town centre, which had to adjust to recent trends in retailing such as out of town shopping centre, is Touchwood, Birmingham as to when Merry Hill (out of town shopping centre) was built, it resulted in decline in the town centre. Merry Hill was built in 1984-89 providing a 2 levels of shopping with an average of 21 million customers each year, the result on surrounding areas included abandoned town centres, downturn in local trade and environment. However, in 2001 Touchwood, Solihul was built to attract the locals back into the local community...
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